Unequal depression for equal work? How the wage gap explains gendered disparities in mood disorders

Jason Cheng

Mood disorders, such as depression and anxiety, are more prevalent among women than men. This disparity may be partially due to the effects of structural gender discrimination in the work force, which acts to perpetuate gender differences in opportunities and resources and may manifest as the gender wage gap. We sought to quantify and operationalize the wage gap in order to explain the gender disparity in depression and anxiety disorders, using data from a 2001–2002 US nationally representative survey of 22,581 working adults ages 30–65.

Woman Standing with a Text Box Cutout Saying "PONO"

A Celebration of Women Woodworkers

kendra

In honour of Women’s History Month & International Women’s Day, we wanted to shine the spotlight on Australia’s remarkably talented women woodworkers. Meet a few of Handkrafted’s fantastic female furniture makers, who have carved out big names for themselves in this male-dominated domain.  Women have played a critical role in the woodworking sector for centuries, despite often sliding under the radar. Fortunately …

Three Japanese business people meeting in an office

Lessons from the rise of women’s labor force participation in Japan

kendra

Brookings November 1, 2017 By Jay Shambaugh, Ryan Nunn, and Becca Portman After decades of steady gains, U.S. women’s labor force participation peaked in 2000. In retrospect, this was an important turning point: rising women’s participation had fueled household income and economic growth, and helped offset declining prime-age male labor force participation. Declining prime-age women’s participation since then has weakened growth, exacerbating …

Pop Art of.a woman with an Atom for an Eye

Most Wikipedia Profiles Are of Men. This Scientist Is Changing That.

kendra

Jessica Wade has added nearly 700 Wikipedia biographies for important female and minority scientists in less than two years. “Our science can only benefit the whole of society if it’s done by the whole of society.” — Dr. Jessica Wade, a physicist who adds biographies of female and minority scientists to Wikipedia daily Fewer than 20 percent of biographies on Wikipedia in English are of women, …

Mapping Gender: Shedding Empirical Light on Family Courts’ Treatment of Cases Involving Abuse and Alienation

kendra

This article provides a brief literature survey, focusing on the theory of “parental alienation” which operates as a primary vehicle for making abuse invisible in custody litigation. This Article reports on the co-authors’ pilot study, which begins empirically mapping family courts’ uses of this theory. These pilot results provide preliminary empirical support for the critiques from the field.

Fancy Dress

HOW FINANCIALLY LITERATE ARE WOMEN? AN OVERVIEW AND NEW INSIGHTS

Hei-ock Kim

We document strikingly similar gender differences in financial literacy across countries. When asked
to answer questions that measure knowledge of basic financial concepts, women are less likely than
men to answer correctly and more likely to indicate that they do not know the answer. In addition,
women give themselves lower scores on financial literacy self-assessments than men. Both young
and old women show low levels of financial literacy. Moreover, women for whom financial knowledge
is likely to be very important—for example widows or single women—know little about concepts
relevant for day-to-day financial decisions. Even women in favorable economic conditions are less
financially knowledgeable than men. This is important because financial literacy has been linked to
economic behavior, including retirement planning and wealth accumulation. Women live longer than
men and are likely to spend time in widowhood. As a result, improving women’s financial literacy
is key to helping them prepare for retirement and promoting their financial security.

Family Walking Across a Street

The Need For Better Parental Leave Policies

kendra

“Research conducted by the University of Washington’s Department of Health Services suggests that there is a strong association between paid parental leave and child survival. Additionally, PL+US: Paid Leave for the United States, a nonprofit fighting for paid family leave, states that, “26 weeks of paid maternity leave would increase US women’s labor force participation to the tune of a 5% increase in GDP.” These findings imply that not only would better parental leave policies increase the chances of child survival, but it would also help the United States’ economy.”

Women Are better than Men at Paying Their Mortgages

Women Are Better than Men at Paying Their Mortgages

kendra

Looking at loan performance for the first time by gender, however, we find that these weaker credit profiles do not translate neatly into weaker performance. In fact, when credit characteristics are held constant, women actually perform better than men. Nonetheless, since pricing is tied to credit characteristics not performance, women actually pay more relative to theiractual risk than do men.Ironically, despite their better performance, women are more likely to be denied a mortgage than men .Given that more than one-third of female only borrowers are minorities and almost half of them live in low-income communities, we need to develop more robust and accurate measures of risk to ensure that we aren’t denying mortgages to women who are fully able to make good on their payments.

50 Ways to Fight Bias Cards

50 Ways to Fight Bias: an activity that helps you combat bias at work

kendra

Gender bias is holding women back in the workplace. Whether deliberate or unconscious, bias makes it harder for women to get hired and promoted and negatively impacts their day-to-day work experiences. This hurts women and makes it difficult for companies to level the playing field.

Pairing a card-based activity with a short video series, 50 Ways to Fight Bias gives people the tools to address gender bias head-on.

Woman Explaining to a Man

The Effects of Gender Discrimination in the Workplace

kendra

68 percent of women believe gender discrimination exists in the workplace: Includes offensive jokes; being passed up for promotion; passed over in interviews because of family responsibilities/ Results in lost motivation or morale, resentment, destruction