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Population Health and Paid Parental Leave: What the United States Can Learn from Two Decades of Research


Over the last two decades, numerous studies have suggested that dedicated time for parents to be with their children in the earliest months of life offers significant benefits to child health. The United States (US) is the only wealthy nation without a formalized policy guaranteeing workers paid time off when they become new parents. As individual US states consider enacting parental leave policies, there is a significant opportunity to decrease health inequities and build a healthier American population. This document is intended as a critical review of the present evidence for the association between paid parental leave and population health.

Can Robotic Babies Help Prevent Teenage Pregnancies?

Hei-ock Kim

National Geographic February 2018 By David Brindley Jefrin Bayona is already running late for school and it’s just after 6 a.m. “I barely slept last night,” the 15-year-old student says. “The baby woke me up at 10, 12, four in the morning.” Classes start early here in the rural plains of northeastern Colombia. Standing in the dark kitchen of his home, …

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Moving women to the top: McKinsey Global Survey results

Hei-ock Kim

McKinsey October 2010 A majority of executives believe gender diversity in leadership is linked to better financial performance, but companies take few actions to support women in the workforce. As the number of women participating in the workforce grows, their potential influence on business is becoming ever more important. Seventy-two percent of respondents to a recent McKinsey survey believe there …

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How advancing women’s equality can add $12 trillion to global growth

Hei-ock Kim

McKinsey September 2015 By Jonathan Woetzel, Anu Madgavkar, Kweilin Ellingrud, Eric Labaye, Sandrine Devillard, Eric Kutcher, James Manyika, Richard Dobbs, and Mekala Krishnan A new McKinsey Global Institute report finds that $12 trillion could be added to global GDP by 2025 by advancing women’s equality. The public, private, and social sectors will need to act to close gender gaps in …

Why Gender Diversity Matters to Event Planners

Hei-ock Kim

Entrepreneur May 22, 2017 By Gene Hammett The largest marketing, sales and leadership conferences in the world are facing a huge challenge. Traditionally, conference audiences and speakers have been nearly 100 percent white males. However, times have changed. The make-up of the audience is now evenly split between men and women. The event planner’s job is to ensure that the …

Female researchers pay more attention to sex and gender in medical research, Stanford researchers find

Hei-ock Kim

Stanford News November 7, 2017 By Vicky Stein Sex and gender affect how people react to drugs or other therapies, but are often overlooked in research. Stanford researchers find that medical research teams that include women more often account for sex and gender in their work. When women participate in a medical research paper, that research is more likely to …

Closing gender gap could boost economy

Hei-ock Kim

The San Diego Union-Tribune May 21, 2016 By Kate Morrissey If San Diego were to shrink the gender gap in its workforce even moderately, the metro area could increase its gross domestic product by about $23 billion by 2025, according to a new report from the McKinsey Global Institute. That’s about a 9 percent boost to the current estimated growth, …